The Human Right to Food in Haiti: Report of an International Fact-finding Mission page – 13

Rights & Democracy and Groupe de Recherche et d’Appui au Milieu Rural (GRAMIR)

Recommendations

To Government and Parliament

Strengthen national institutions in order to protect the human right to food

  • Strengthen the National Food Security Coordination (CNSA) by clarifying its legal status, providing adequate funding, and ensuring the proper functioning of its parent organization, the Inter-ministerial Counsel on Food Security (CISA).
  • Strengthen the Office for the Protection of Citizens (OPC) by adopting an executive law in accord with the Paris Principals on the status and functioning of national human rights institutions. Ensure that the Office has both the mandate and the means to protect citizens from state violations, including violations of economic, social and cultural rights.
  • Strengthen the capacity of the National Institute for Agrarian Reform (INARA) to participate in policy development and dispute resolution processes related to land ownership.
  • Instruct the Ministry of Justice to study and make recommendations related to the judicial and administrative procedures necessary for ensuring state accountability and access to remedies for human rights violations.

 

Adopt a national strategy and legislative framework for the eradication of hunger and the realization of the human right to food in Haiti

  • Incorporate the human right to food within the national plan for food and nutritional security and, once it is approved, adopt framework legislation to govern its implementation.
  • Sign and ratify the ICESCR.
  • Ratify the San Salvador Protocol of the American Convention on Human Rights.
  • Encourage swift adoption by Parliament of the pending Consumer Protection Bill.
  • Working closely with INARA, revise and adopt the draft Bill on Agrarian Reform.
  • In consultation with civil society and incorporating basic human rights
  • principles, consider the drafting of new policies on climate change adaptation; sustainable agriculture; employment, and; competition.

 

Promote national food production in order to decrease the growing dependency on international markets

  • Seek technical assistance as needed to develop a domestic body expertise in the area of trade and investment law.
  • Assign responsibility to the Ministry of Trade and Industry for monitoring fluctuations in the price of food and for applying safeguards to deter price fixing.
  • Encourage investment in agriculture by providing adequate extension services accompanied by a credit scheme suitable for small holder farmers.
  • Provide domestic support to agricultural producers as permitted by WTO rules and encourage the viability of small holders through application of allowable tariffs on sensitive products.
  • Regulate development of the bio-fuel sector so that it does not compete with national food production.
  • Participate directly in negotiations on the Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU in order to ensure that the best interests of the Haitian people are respected.


Improve the policies and methods related to targeting of vulnerable groups

Develop a government-owned targeting procedure to facilitate the delivery of special programs for the most vulnerable, based on need not district.

Establish an inter-departmental working group to better identify those individuals or groups who experience multiple vulnerabilities such as old age, illness, or disability and adopt a special response mechanism that will provide sufficient food for their survival.

Conduct a vulnerability analysis related specifically to women’s access to adequate food and its connection to the enjoyment of other human rights.

Prioritize programs designed specifically for the most vulnerable when drafting and implementing public policy as well as when allocating fiscal budgets.

Create a taskforce on “nutrition and learning” to better understand the intrinsic links between adequate food and education.

 

To Donors and UN Agencies

Encourage the Government of Haiti to apply a human rights framework for initiatives designed to eradicate food insecurity in the country

  • Provide the technical support needed to enable Haiti’s early signing and ratification of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
  • Encourage the Government of Haiti to strengthen the National Food Security Coordination (CNSA) and ensure that it is adequately funded.
  • Support inclusion of the human right to food within Haiti’s national plan for food and nutritional security.
  • Provide financial support sufficient for the Government of Haiti to implement the right to food initiatives recommended in its PRSP.
  • Consolidate and strengthen donor initiatives in the area of hunger eradication through establishment of an inter-agency coordination unit on agriculture and food security.


Adopt policies and programs designed specifically to address hunger and the human right to food in Haiti

  • Finalize the UNDAF at the earliest possible opportunity and adopt the human rights framework when planning and implementing development assistance programs and projects in Haiti.
  • Support the state’s capacity to govern by increasing the percentage of development assistance channeled through state agencies rather than through non-governmental organizations.
  • Refrain from encouraging economic measures not required by WTO rules, including excessive tariff reductions and domestic support limitations that may discourage investment in Haiti’s agricultural sector.
  • While providing budgetary support, encourage allocations aimed at hunger eradication through agricultural development, extension services, and subsidies targeting the most vulnerable groups.
  • Apply targeting measures based on need and vulnerability not district.
  • Monitor the distribution of food aid to deter illegal commercial export to the Dominican Republic.

 

To Civil Society

Coordinate efforts to promote economic, social and cultural rights, including the human right to food, in Haiti

  • Develop a collaboration mechanism for civil society organizations working on the human right to food in Haiti, giving special attention to linkages between grassroots organizations, campaigners and nongovernmental organizations.
  • Strengthen working relations with duty bearers, including members of parliament, government, political organizations and the judiciary in order to campaign for the adoption and implementation of the ICESCR.
  • Construct an outreach methodology for use at the community level, in order to build awareness and understanding about economic and social rights, including the human right to food.
  • Create educational materials in Creole language.
  • Participate in the CNSA effort to draft a national plan for food and nutritional security and promote the inclusion of the human right to food in the final text with accompanying action plan and benchmarks.
  • Develop a work plan for collaborative activities including awareness building at the grassroots level, campaign coordination, monitoring and reporting of violations.
  • Build linkages with national research organizations in order to better understand the causes of hunger in Haiti and to develop alternate policy and program recommendations.


Document violations of the human right to food

  • In collaboration with the Office for the Protection of Citizens (OPC), create a national process for documentation and reporting of human rights violations including the human right to food.
  • Organize a series of cross-sector workshops on human rights monitoring, including attention to documentation techniques, reporting processes and access to remedies.
  • Consolidate linkages with international organizations and social movements working on the human right to food in the Americas and internationally.
  • Invite the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food to visit Haiti and facilitate meetings with vulnerable communities experiencing violations of their human right to food.